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I have been interested in nature for most of my life but since I retired I spend as much time as I can exploring the nature reserves and wildlife hotspots of my adopted home, Dorset in southern England. Whilst out I record what I see and take snaps where I can (I am no photographer!) and that forms the basis of my Nature of Dorset website. When I find something new I like to research it and write about it in my nature notes, it is how I learn and hopefully you might find my notes helpful as well!

This website is for the people of Dorset interested in wildlife and for people from elsewhere interested in the wildlife of Dorset!

15 September, 2016

Marsh Woundwort: the marsh hedge-nettle

With its tall, purple flower spike marsh woundwort (Stachys palustris) is mistaken by some as an orchid but it far from related to orchids in the general scheme of things. On closer inspection it quickly becomes obvious that it is a member of the mint family. The tubular flowers arranged around a square stem and the hairy and mildly serrated leaf are all classic features of the mints (or deadnettles).
There are five woundworts altogether and they are vaguely similar but only this and the hedge woundwort are at all common and likely to be seen in Dorset. The field woundwort is now, sadly, very uncommon having once been a frequent  weed of cultivation. The marsh woundwort is most likely to be found in wet places; ditches and stream sides are the most frequent habitats for it.
Also known as the marsh hedge-nettle this is a plant very popular with insects, especially bees. Once pollinated the seed capsules fall in to the water and float away and when they reach a suitable spot germinate to form a new plant. 
Marsh Woundwort: the marsh hedge-nettle