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I have been interested in nature for most of my life but since I retired I spend as much time as I can exploring the nature reserves and wildlife hotspots of my adopted home, Dorset in southern England. Whilst out I record what I see and take snaps where I can (I am no photographer!) and that forms the basis of my Nature of Dorset website. When I find something new I like to research it and write about it in my nature notes, it is how I learn and hopefully you might find my notes helpful as well!

This website is for the people of Dorset interested in wildlife and for people from elsewhere interested in the wildlife of Dorset!

14 May, 2014

Cow Parsley: the first in line

The umbellifereae (or carrot) family of plants present many difficulties for the casual observer, even those with some basic botanical knowledge. As always, my advice for what it is worth, is to try get to know them one at a time and the most common ones first. That way you know when you are looking at something different.  
One of the ways of separating them is by order of flowering, cow parsley (Anthriscus sylvestris) comes first, followed by hogweed, then rough chervil, upright hedge-parsley and finally wild angelica. This is a simplistic guide and applies to only the common hedgerow 'carrots'. The cow parsley starts flowering in April (earlier in sheltered spots in warmer years) and goes on until June. It can be found on just about every Dorset roadside and woodland edge except where the soil is poor and not very deep.
I have to say I am not a fan of cow parsley! It thrives at the expense of other  plants. We have become very 'tidy' in our roadside verge management. The herbage is cut down just as it is starting to get going and the strongest, quickest to recover is cow parsley which then blots out everything else. This practice over thirty or more years has led to cow parsley and its relatives taking over from all but the strongest of its competitors, often campion and comfrey.
In its defence, these plants are very popular with insects and I love to walk along a quiet road or lane looking at the flower heads, you find all sorts of bees, flies and bugs!

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