Showing posts from July, 2012

Heather Spider (Thomisus onustus)

Heather Spider (Thomisus onustus), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. This is one of the most unusual spiders I have seen! A triangular body, pink and purple in colour, with enormous legs. You would think that being such a distinctive colour it would stand out and be easy pickings for any preditor but that is far from the case. This spider is found only in southern England. They are usually on heather and so they are perectly disguised and hard to see. They can actually vary their colour from white, through yellow to various shades of pink and this one had deserted the heather for a thistle and so was, perhaps, a little more atoned to its host plant.

This is not a web builder, instead it depends on that colour match to make it invisible to small insects so that any insect coming to the flower for nectar for lunch is soon lunch for the spider. It's tough out there!
Find out more about the Heather Spider in Dorset h…

Southern Bracket (Ganoderma australe)

Southern Bracket (Ganoderma australe), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. Thorncombe Wood, near Hardy's Cottage at Lower Bockhampton, has many splendid beech trees and this fungus, the Southern Bracket grows on living Beech. It is parasatic so sadly it means that the tree this one was on is an advanced state of decay now although the trunk still stands high and proud but the branches are all but gone. Quite an imprerssive species, the brackets on this group were over a foot across. This is a species that can occur at any time of the year, they start clean and fresh like these but soon harden to become dark brown and dirty yellow!

Not one for the pot I'm afraid.
Find out more about the Southern Bracket in Dorset here:

Yellowing Curtain Crust (Sterium subtomentosum)

Yellowing Curtain Crust (Sterium subtomentosum), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. I love rummaging around piles of dead wood and tree stumps. I am not that good on fungi identification but I find them fascinating and you never quite know what you will find. This lovely green, brown and white one was new to me when I saw it for the first time on Greenhill Down; quite appropriate a green fungus on Greenhill Down? Thanks to my excellent new book, the Collins Fungi Guide, I had it sewn up in no time, the Yellowing Curtain Crust! An occasional species on rotting broad-leaved tree debris found mainly in the south east of England so right on the dge of its range here in Dorset then.

The flesh is leathery and tough, and hard when dry. Not one for the table then.
Find out more about the Yellowing Curtain Crust in Dorset here:

Fragile Russula (Russula fragilis)

Fragile Russula (Russula fragilis), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. The Fragile Russula is one of the later species of the family appearing in late autumn and early winter. It is very common and appears in all kinds of woodland settings but with a distinct preference for birch which makes it common here in the damper Dorset woods where Silver Birch thrives. A lovely deep purple, flat cap with central dimple and with edging marks around the rim. It has quite a narrow stem for the size of the cap so it tends to fall over easily, hence the fragile russula.

It has a very hot, acid taste and best left alone.
Find out more about the Fragile Russula in Dorset here:

Sickener (Russula emetica)

Sickener (Russula emetica), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. Russulas tend to like damp woodland with pine and birch trees to thrive on; emetica is no exception. Preferring acid soils this is a common fungus of the heaths of Dorset, especially those areas that hacve been forested. It can often be found in places that are damp enough for Sphagnum mosses to grow. A widespread and common fungus that appears in troops in the autumn. It is very much like some other species of russula so habitat is quite a key factor in identification.

Edible? No, certainly not. It is very poisonous; called the sickener for good reason.
Find out more about the Sickener in Dorset here:

Grey Milk-cap (Lactarius vietus)

Grey Milk-cap (Lactarius vietus), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. The Grey Milkcap is a bit unusual as it likes to get its feet wet. Found on wet soils, usually in association with varieties of Sphagnum mosses in woodlan areas. A late summer and autumn species it is quite common where the right conditions exist. A distinct funnel shape that starts whitish in colour but truns a greyish-brown with age.

A vile, acrid taste; best left alone.
Find out more about the Grey Milk-cap in Dorset here:

Fleecy Milk-cap (Lactarius vellereus)

Fleecy Milk-cap (Lactarius vellereus), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. The Fleecy Milkcap is a large, funnel shaped fungus. It can be anything from 3 to 11 inches across the cap which is whitish at first but then tends to turn ochre with age. Often found near birch and pine so quite at home in the woods of the Dorset heaths. Fairly common and appearing in autumn in small groups.

It is not edible; it tastes horrible.
Find out more about the Fleecy Milkcap in Dorset here:

Rufous Milk-cap (Lactarius rufus)

Rufous Milk-cap (Lactarius rufus), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. A fungus of the coniferous woods which means, in Dorset, on Forestry Commision managed land. Associated mainly with forms of pine trees on acidic soils this is a very common species in, and around, the Poole basin and the Purbeck area. Appearing in late summer and autumn, it is often found in large troops. The cap is generally flat with a small dimple in the middle and tinged russet, hence the Rufous Milk-cap; the other milk-caps tend to be white, grey or brown.

It has a mild taste at first but with an after-bite! Acrid and hot ...
Find out more about the Rufous Milkcap in Dorset here:

False Chanterelle (Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca)

False Chanterelle (Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. The presence of coniferous woodland on the acidic soils of the Poole Basin, especially in Purbeck, means that the False Chanterelle is a very common fungus here. It appears in troops, often in circles, amongst pine needles. It can occur in other habitat types but it is most common on the heaths. It looks very much like the classic Chanterelle of French cuisine but it is not related.

Not poisonous but apparently it tastes foul!
Find out more about the False Chanterelle in Dorset here:

Brown Rollrim (Paxillus involutus)

Brown Rollrim (Paxillus involutus), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. The Brown Rollrim is the only common representative of the Paxillaceae family, the other five are scarce and two are very difficult to identify and have only recently become regarded as seperate species to the Brown Rollrim itself. Paxillus involutus is a very common species however, found in mixed and broad-leaved woodland in summer and autumn. They have a distinct preference for acidic soils and birch and so are quite common on the Purbeck heaths although they are just as at home on downland. Usually in groups.

They may look tasty but be warned, they are poisonous!
Find out more about the Brown Rollrim in Dorset here:

Common Puffball (Lycoperdon perlatum)

Common Puffball (Lycoperdon perlatum), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. Perlatum; like a pearl. When young the Common Puffball is almost pure white and has a dappled appearance which, together with its shape, does recall a pearl so hence its name. It is the Common Puffball because it is, by far, the most frequently encountered member of the family. Found in summer and autumn, often in large groups, this species likes woodland where there are plenty of rotting branches and twigs. The fruiting body appears on the soil or leaflitter but there will likely be dead wood nearby where the fungus itself is at work. The common use of bark chippings as a mulch means that this is now quite a common species in gardens.

Edible when young but that is when they look their loveliest.
Find out more about the Common Puffball in Dorset here:

Mosaic Puffball (Lycoperdon utriforme)

Mosaic Puffball (Lycoperdon utriforme), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. The Mosaic Puffball is a species of acidic soils and can be found on short turf and path edges on heathland here in Dorset. The book reckons it is common but my limited experience of fungi tells me it is not seen that often! A summer and autumn species it is a bit difficult to tell apart from another species, Lycoperdon excipuliforme; utriforme being somewhat slimmer than the plumper expulsiforme and so I have based my identification on that. It starts white but soon turns a dull greyish brown.

Supposedly edible when young but how do you decide how old they are?
Find out more about the Mosaic Puffball in Dorset here:

Giant Puffball (Calvatia gigantea)

Giant Puffball (Calvatia gigantea), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. You cannot mistake the Giant Puffball for any other species, it is truly unique. The dome can be a foot or more in diameter; they are like giant Ostrich eggs! My book says they can actually grow up to 80cms across which is huge and that, from a distance, they can even be mistaken for sleeping sheep! They are almost pure white but soon discolour or become pitted as they are attacked by insects. Widespread and, apparently common, they can be found on soil in grassy habitats especially near stinging nettles which are an indicator of phosphate rich soil which this species thrives on.

You can eat them when young but surely better left to let them reach their full potential?
Find out more about the Giant Puffball in Dorset here:

Stump Puffball (Lycoperdon pyriforme)

Stump Puffball (Lycoperdon pyriforme), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. As the leaves turn to the colours of autumn, on the woodland floor fungi begin to burst from the soil and leaf litter. At the forefront of this emergence is the Stump Puffball. In broad-leaved woodland they can be found on dead tree stumps, more often, growing it seems from the soil but actually there will be a piece of wood buried that they are growing on. This very common autumn species is the only Britich puffball that grows on wood. When they first emerge these puffballs can have a scaly appearance. As they age and dry out they turn paler and lose the scales. The ball is full of spores and when raindrops land on them the impact causes puffs of spores to be emitted from a hole on top of the ball, a but like a volcano blowing ash. As the fruiting body ages further so the wind will cause spores to distribute too.

So, if you see a puff ball, don't stamp on it - let it do its job naturally!

Grey Puffball (Bovista plumbea)

Grey Puffball (Bovista plumbea), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. The Grey Puffball always occurs in these 'troops' or clusters. It is widespread and common occuring on grassland and can be found on coastal downland (like these at Durlston), in pasture, even on golf courses, in summer and autumn. The ones in my photograph were taken late in the year and have lost there spores through the hole in to top of the dome. They have also faded in colour too, they can be much whiter when fresh.

Not a fungus for eating unless you like a lot of powder.
Find out more about the Grey Puffball in Dorset here:

Beech Barkspot (Diatrype disciformis)

Beech Barkspot (Diatrype disciformis), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. A piece of rotting wood with black spots on it - not very exciting is it? However, those small black spots are the visual representation of a living organism, a fungus that is busy inside the dead wood breaking it down and rotting it away back to soil, a vital process in regeneration. This species, as the name suggests, is associated with beech, the spots emerge from under the bark rather than growing on it. It can occur on other broad-leaved wood as well but, most often, it is beech.

I would love to see you trying to scrape it off to eat!
Find out more about the Beech Barkspot in Dorset here:

Fungus (Lycogala epidendrum)

Fungus (Lycogala epidendrum), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. Lycolgala epidendrum is a somwhat bizzare looking thing. It is described in my book as "a mass of naked protoplams, usually on dead wood, maturing to a light grey-brown, breaking open to expose minute dry fruit bodies enclosing powdery spores." I really don't think I can add anything more to that other than to say it looks quite painful!

Is it edible? Well, would you fancy it if it was?
Find out more about Lycogala epidendrum in Dorset here:

White Saddle (Helvella crispa)

White Saddle (Helvella crispa), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. This is a bitter and twisted fungus! It looks like a standard toadstool that has become deformed from the classic 'mushroom' shape to make a crumpled cap that looks a bit like a saddle, hence its name. It is a quite common fungus in broad-leaved woodland appearing, generally, in late summer and throughout the autumn. It is most often found in small groups, occassionally solitary.

It is edible but the bitter taste makes poor eating.
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Find out more about the White Saddle Fungus in Dorset here:

Oak Maze-gill (Daedalea quercina)

Oak Maze-gill (Daedalea quercina), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. The Oak Maze-gill is predominantly found on Oak but not exclusively. This species appears all year round, is widespread and common. It grows on dead wood causing a brown rot whichhelps to decay the remnants of the wood down. Usually more than one bracket appears at any time. Although the mage-GILL this species has pores but a clower look at the underside will reveal that the pores look like a maze of ... short gills!

Not edible, tough as old boots!
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Find out more about the Oak Maze-gill in Dorset here:

Root Fomes (Heterobasidion annosum)

Root Fomes (Heterobasidion annosum), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. Some species of fungi attack dying or dead wood and act as an agent to break down the waste material; others are more deadly attacking healthy trees and killing them. Root fomes is one of the latter and is a preditor of conifers although it can occur on broad-leaved trees as well. A common species, the brackets appear near the base of the trunk (and can be obscurred by other vegetation) all year round and there are usually more than one of them. Being at the base of the tree it looks as though the roots are 'foaming', hence its comon name.
This is certainly not one for the frying pan!
Find out more about Root Fomes in Dorset here:

Bitter Bracket (Postia stiptica)

Bitter Bracket (Postia stiptica), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. Bitter Bracket (Postia stiptica)
This is a widespread and common bracket fungus that attacks rotting wood, usually on sawn surfaces. It has a preference for conifers and so you will often see it on the sawn ends of felled timber stacked in Forestry Commision woodlands. An autumn and winter species it is white when fresh but discolours with age as the specimen I photographed was doing.
This has a very bitter taste and an unpleasant smell so don't add this to your full English!
Find out more about the Bitter Bracket fungus in Dorset here:

Meadow Coral (Clavulinopsis corniculata)

Meadow Coral (Clavulinopsis corniculata), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. This small, yellow, branhed fungus grows amongst grass on lawns and in pasture. It is common and, because of its size, I am sure it is oftgen overlooked. It grows in these solitary clusters, usually in autumn. It is easy to see why it is called the Moeadow Coral; it looks like it could , indeed, be a coral, and it grows in Meadows.

It is not edible of course, there is not enough of it.
Find out more about the Meadow Coral in Dorset here:

Golden Spindles (Clavulinopsis fusiformis)

Golden Spindles (Clavulinopsis fusiformis), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. Golden Spindles is aptly named; golden spindle shapes coming out of the leaf litter on acidic soils hence it can be found in wooded areas of heath, such as that found around the Purbeck area. It comes out in autumn and is very common but becuase of its size it must be frequently over looked. It is very similar to Yellow Club and one or two other species so you need to be careful; ideed, I hope I have got this right!

Who cares if its edible, there's not enough of it to eat.
Find out more about Golden Spindles in Dorset here:

Red Cracking Bolete (Xerocomus chrysenteron)

Red Cracking Bolete (Xerocomus chrysenteron), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. Many bolete have a cracked surface to the cap but with some it is an identifying feature. The Red-Cracking Bolete has a reddish cap that readily cracks to show the yellow flesh of the pores underneath. This is a common fungus not only found in woods but also in parks and pastures, especially where beech or larch are nearby.Generally a solitary species, although occasionally in small grouops, this can be found from late summer through to early winter.
It is edible, especially if you like eating sponge!
Find out more about the Red Cracking Bolete in Dorset here:

Slippery Jack (Suillus luteus)

Slippery Jack (Suillus luteus), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. At first sight this might appear to be a waxcap fungus bit on closer inspection you will quickly see the classic yellow sponge underside to the cap and so change the thoughts to the range of potential boletes species. The shiney surface gives this one the common name of Slippery Jack. As with many of the Suillus species (still boletes family) these are associated with acidic soils and pine, usually Scots Pine. Usually solitary, sometimes in a small group Slippery Jack appears in the autumn.
Edible but sometimes purgative so be warned.
Find out more about Slippery Jack in Dorset here:

Weeping Bolete (Suillus granulatus)

Weeping Bolete (Suillus granulatus), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. This is a specialised species of boletes that occurs on acidic soil with pine on heathland and as such is ideally suited to the wareham Forset and that is where I found this one. Indeed, I have seen them elsewhere in the forest so they are quite widespread. They usually appear in these small groups in the autumn amongst the heather or on more open grassy areas.
These are edible but 'apt to be purgative'!
Find out more about the Weeping Bolete in Dorset here:

Orange Birch Bolete (Leccinum versipelle)

Orange Birch Bolete (Leccinum versipelle), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. The Orange Birch Bolete is an orange coloured fungus, found near birch trees and is a member of the boletes family so I guess the name is a pretty fair description of it! Usually a solitary species, found in late summer and autumn and is quite common. The orange cap is quite distinctive and once seen you will probably remember it.
It is edible; want to try it?
Find out more about the Orange Birch Bolete in Dorset here:

Lurid Bolete (Boletus luridus)

Lurid Bolete (Boletus luridus), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. I was surprised to find this fungi described as 'lurid' so I checked my dictionary for a definition and lurid does mean vivid in shocking detail! Now I agree that the photo I have taken is vivid in shocking detail as this poor specimen was well past its best when I found it and looking decidedly nasty. However, read on in the dictionary and an alternative meaning for the word is pallid in colour and, as the cap of this species is a paler brown than many of its cousins I suspect that is where the name comes from. It is a widespread species occuring in all sorts of habitat from woods to parks and pasture but it is not that common. It is an early species too, appearing in summer and early autumn.
It is edible but would you want to eat something that looks like this?
Find out more about the Lurid Bolete in Dorset here:…

Cep (Boletus edulis)

Cep (Boletus edulis), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. Cep is the common name of Boletus edulis but also has the local name in England of Penny Bun, the cap looking much like a traditional bakers bun! Cep is common in woodlands during the summer and in to late autumn occuruing in both coniferous or broad-leaved woodlands. In this country we are used to buying varieties of mushrooms in our supermarkets but in continental Europe Cep is much more likely to be seen on sale in markets and shops. It is, however, graown commercially in this country to produce 'mushroom' flavourings for soups and the like.

So, it is edible and, without knowing it, I have probably eaten them!
Find out more about Cep in Dorset here:

Bay Boletus (Boletus badius)

Bay Boletus (Boletus badius), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. This is a widespread and very common fungus usually associated with conifers but not exclusively. Appearing from late summer to early winter it is classic boletes in appearance, largish domed cap, brown in colour with a stout stem and yellowish and fleshy underside to the cap.

It is edible, it has a mild, pleasant taste; nice if you like that sort of thing.
Find out more about the Bay Boletes in Dorset here:

Dryads Saddle (Polyporus squamosus)

Dryads Saddle (Polyporus squamosus), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. When walking in broad-leaved woodlands, especially where Horse Chestnut or Sycamore trees are present, you may encounter the large capped bracket fungus known as Dryad's Saddle. I say large and I mean large, the cap can be as much as 2 feet across! Dryad's Saddle is big and is a yellowish-green colour when fresh becoming brown and black with age. It is widespread and quite common and emerges in spring. It is parasitic and any tree with it has no chance of survival.

It is supposedly edible when young but who would want to cut such a wonderful fungus from its home just to eat it?
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Find out more about Dryads Saddle in Dorset here:

Sheathed Woodtuft (Kuehneromyces mutabilis)

Sheathed Woodtuft (Kuehneromyces mutabilis), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. Tree stumps and rotting tree trunks are ideal places to find fungi, especially these tufted species that grow in large clusters. The Sheathed Woodtuft thrives in decidous woodland with falled tree debris and is widespread and very common. The cap is two or three toned brown; dark on the outside, then pale and sometimes a dark patch in the centre.

This is an edible species but it looks very similar to Galerina marginata which is deadly poisonous. Do you want to test your powers of identification with your mouth?
Find out more about the Sheathed Woodtuft in Dorset here:

Chanterelle (Cantharellus cibarius)

Chanterelle (Cantharellus cibarius), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. The Chanterelle is the prized fungus of the top chefs, considered to be the finest tasting toadstool. Mainly found on broad-leaved woodlands it grows in the leaf litter, usually in groups and often in troops. Although very common I have rarely seen it, may be they are all picked for the kitchen before I get there?

A lovely, distinctive yellow colour the cap is also distinctive from its shape as it forms a deep funnel leaving the gills on the outside visible.
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Find out more about the Chanterelle in Dorset here:

Chimney Sweeper (Odezia atrata)

Chimney Sweeper (Odezia atrata), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. Many of the most successful species of nature thrive because they can cope in a variety of habitats and conditions, others have much more specific requirements and can only be found where those conditions are met. The Chimney Sweeper moth has some pretty specific requirements! It likes chalk grassland, limestone hills and damp grassy meadows and at Corfe Common the chalk of the Purbeck Ridge to the north and the limestone Purbeck Hills to the south meet in the damp, grassy conditions that exist on the common. As a result, this is a place to find this little black moth in June and July flying on sunny days.

This is a local uncommon species in the south of England but, because the habitat is right, it is quite common on Corfe Common!
Find out more about the Chimney Sweeper moth in Dorset here:…

Spotted Toughshank (Collybia maculata)

Spotted Toughshank (Collybia maculata), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. Spotted Toughshank (Collybia maculata)
The brown speckles on the top of a cream toadstool make this species fairly easily identifiable. The brown freckles give it its name of Spotted Toughshank and also its Latin name of maculata which means spotted. This species occurs from spring through to winter but is most common in autumn in needle and leaf litter in woodlands of all types, especially those on more acidic soils and heaths so Purbeck is ideal for it and it probably one of the first species you would encounter here when walking in Wareham Forest. It is widespread and occurs in troops so where there is one you will often find several.
It has a bitter, unpleasant taste so is best left alone.
Find out more about the Spotted Toughshank in Dorset here:

Butter Cap (Collybia butyracea)

Butter Cap (Collybia butyracea), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. The colouring of the Butter Cap can be quite variable but this coffee and cream colouring seems to crop up quite frequently although coffee with no cream edge seems to common too. The species itself is widespread and very common amongst fallen needles in coniferous woodland although it does occurr in deciduous woodland as well. Emerging with a convex cap it tends to flatten out with age and can grow to around 3 inches across. However, the main aid to idenfification is the greasy or buttery surface to the cap, hence its common name.
It is not a recommended species for eating.
Find out more about the Butter Cap in Dorset here:

Clustered Toughshank (Collybia confluens)

Clustered Toughshank (Collybia confluens), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. This is a widespread and very common fungus species found in woodland in dense tufts on tree stumps and other dying wood. Mainly associated with decidous wood but ocassionally occurs in coniferous woods as well. Pale coloured with a touch of darker shading towards the top of the cap which is usually only an inch or so in diameter.

My book does not say whether it is edible or not but does say it has a faint taste of mushrooms so presumably someone, somehwere has eaten them at some stage and survived to tell the tale.
Find out more about the Clustered Toughshank in Dorset here:

Grooved Bonnet (Mycena polygramma)

Grooved Bonnet (Mycena polygramma), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. A delicate fungus growing on rotting wood of broad-leaved trees and shrubs, this species has the English name of the Grooved Bonnet because the cap is bonnet shaped and has grooves in it! It is frequently associated with hazel coppice and you can see some fallen hazel leaves on the ground in this picture. Widespread and very common, usually growing in small troops. The cap starts bell shaped but slowly flattens out to leave a centre 'hump'. Initially a creamy white but changing to an ochre colour with age.
Apparently has a faint taste of raddish but you would need an awful lot of them to make a worthwhile meal so don't bother!
Find out more about the Grooved Bonnet in Dorset here:

Bleeding Bonnet (Mycena sanguinolenta)

Bleeding Bonnet (Mycena sanguinolenta), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. The stem of this species exudes a pink fluid if broken and hence its name, the Bleeding Bonnet! A very common fungus in coniferous woodland where it appears amongst the fallen needles and amongst mosses where present. It actually grows on dead wood but this is often hidden by the the needles and moss. It also grows on heath and moors amongst the heather and so is abundant in the Purbeck area of Dorset. This is very much an autumn species.
You can eat it but it is hardly worth the trouble.
Find out more about the Bleeding Bonnet in Dorset here:

Common Bonnet (Mycena galericulata)

Common Bonnet (Mycena galericulata), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. The Common Bonnet is very common; indeed, probably one of our most common species. You will find it any just about any broad-leaved woodland on dead wood and, especially stump where it can be extremely prevelant in big tufts with many stems. It can be found all year round but is particularly noticable in the autumn.
It is edible but as the individual specimens are quite small they are really not worth the effort to collect.
Find out more about the Common Bonnet in Dorset here:

Field Blewit (Lepista saeva)

Field Blewit (Lepista saeva), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. The Field Blewit is commonly found in pasture but, despite its name, also occurs on heathland and in broad-leaved woods. It likes alkaline conditions and poor soils so the limestone Purbecks cliffs suit it. Widespread and common where it occurs it has a tendency to form in rings although sometimes they may just be in random groups.
It has a large, waxy cap up to 12cms across to it is a big fungus and it is, apparently worth eating. I will leave you to try it.
Find out more about the Field Blewit in Dorset here:

Wood Blewit (Lepista nuda)

Wood Blewit (Lepista nuda), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. You can find Wood Blewit in broad-leaved woodlands at just about any time of year, it also crops up in gardens (especially compost heaps) and hedgerows too. It is widespread and very common but also a bit variable and can be mistaken for similar toadstools. More likely, of course, the similar but rarer species are likely to be dismissed as this one!
This species has a lilac coloured stem but that is not always visible without destroying the fungus as it is hidden under the large cap which can be as much as 10cm across. Said to be good to eat but it causes 'adverse reactions' in some people - want to give it a miss? I would!
Find out more about Wood Blewit in Dorset here:

Tawney Funnel Cap (Lepista flaccida)

Tawney Funnel Cap (Lepista flaccida), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. This is a very common little fungus you might encounter in any type of woodland in small groups in late summer and autumn. Fungi with this distinctive funnel shape are normally associated with the family Clitocybe rather than Lepista and is the odd one out in its family.
The lovely chestnut colour ives it the 'tawney' part of the name and its shape the 'funnel cap' part so, for once, a common name that makes sense! Edible but with a taste described as 'unpleasant' so its up to you if you want to give it try - I'll pass on this one.
Find out more about the Tawney Funnel Cap in Dorset here:

Deceiver (Laccaria laccata)

Deceiver (Laccaria laccata), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. The Deceiver is probably the most common British fungus but it is very variable, or deceiving, and appears to be several species all at once! It is quite plain with few distinguishing features which makes it even harder to be certain that it is what it is. It can be found in broad-leavved and coniferous woodland, on heaths and amongst short grass anywhere, often where there is birch nearby.
Usually appearing in small troops in summer through to winter. It may be edible, it may not, my books do not say, so I would leave well alone!
Find out more about the Deceiver in Dorset here:

Elm Leech (Hypsizgus ulmaris)

Elm Leech (Hypsizgus ulmaris), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. You can see fungi growing out of dead wood in just about any woodland setting but to see one growing out of the side of a living tree is most unusual. The Elm Leech is an uncommon fungi that was widely reported during the Dutch Elm Disease epidemic on dying elm trees but it can now occasionally be seen on oak, poplar and horse chestnut. It is not a species that kills trees but one that soon gets established in a dying tree.

It grows in small tufts but quite often in several groups on the same tree and appears in autumn. It can be eaten; the flesh is white but tough so probably not worth it.
Find out more about Elm Leech in Dorset here:

Fools Funnel (Clitocybe rivulosa)

Fools Funnel (Clitocybe rivulosa), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. We all know, I hope, the danger of eating wild fungi without adequate knowledge of exactly what one is picking and if that does need re-emphasing here is a species designed to do just that! Fools Funnel is deadly poisonous and is best not even touched let alone eaten. It looks like Fairy Ring Champignon which is considered a delicacy in France, it grows in rings like Champignon and grows in similar places so you can see the difficulty.
The Fools Funnel grows among short grass on lawns, parks and pasture in small groups but, more often, in rings. It is widespread and common in autumn.
Find out more about the Fools Funnel in Dorset here:

Soapy Knight (Tricholoma saponaceum)

Soapy Knight (Tricholoma saponaceum), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. The Soapy Knight? You might think that is because it has a waxy surface to the cap but no, this species of fungus smells like the kind of cheap soap once used in the washrooms of 'institutions'! My guide does not say what sort of institutions. It has an earthy, rancid taste so not really one to eat but one to smell.
Prefers woodland, either mixed or coniferous, where it grows on acidic soils. Appearing in Late summer and throughout the autumn it a widespread but occasional species that appears as solitary stipes but does sometimes appear in groups. The surface of the cap tends to flatten as it ages showing the white gills around its fringe. They can be as much as 5 inches across so can be pretty big in fungi terms.
Find out more about the Soapy Knight in Dorset here:

Blue Spot Knight (Tricholoma columbetta)

Blue Spot Knight (Tricholoma columbetta), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. The Blue Spot Knight is widespread but not particularly common being found predominantly in broad-leaved woodland, especially where beech and/or oak are present. The grow in late summer and early autumn on soil where there is not too much leaf litter.

They have an undulating cap with a slightly rusty centre, almost as if water has collected in the middle at some point and started the rusting process! Why, then, is it called the Blue Spot Knight? Often they have have blue 'spots' on the outside edge of the cap when mature. Naturally the one I found and photographed does not show this!

They are apparently edible although a bit tough and stringy, think I'll stick to shop mushrooms!
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Find out more about the Blue Spot Knight in Dorset here:

Sulphur Tuft (Hypholoma fasciculare)

Sulphur Tuft (Hypholoma fasciculare), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. This must be a familair sight to anyone walking in the woods in autumn. This has to be one of our most common fungi as it thrives on tree stumps, grows in dense tufts or clumps and is visible all year round. The cap can vary in size from a little as 2cm up to nearly 6cm and they start out convex in shape, then flatten out and eventully have a sort of Dutchman's cap appearance so plenty of variety to confuse the unwary like me!
Certainly not edible and best left alone.
Find out more about the Sulphur Tuft in Dorset here:

Garland Roundhead (Stropharia coronilla)

Garland Roundhead (Stropharia coronilla), a photo by Peter Orchard on Flickr. The Garland Roundhead is a widespread species in the south of England and is quite common on ;awns and grassy places. They can be solitary but, in general they occur in small groups. They have a lovely shiny brown cap which often hides the stipe so it looks just like a brown lump on the grass. An autumn species like many fungi.
This species is known to contain harmful chemical substances and is best left alone.
Find out more about the Garland Roundhead in Dorset here: